World renowned as the home of the famed Inca civilization, Perú today serves as both a regional and international commercial hub due to its central location on the western coast of South America. Boasting a remarkable 84 of the world’s 104 “living zones,” ranging from coast to mountains to rainforest, Perú is able to support an exceptionally diverse array of agricultural crops. Moreover, Perú’s temperate climate allows for the continued production of many of its primary exports throughout the entire calendar year.
Yet even while Perú’s success in the agricultural sector is expected to continue growing in the years ahead, the country also faces substantial challenges, particularly in the areas of irrigation and water management. Perú’s Pacific coastal strip, where two-thirds of agricultural GDP is produced, is among the world’s most arid regions and is therefore completely dependent on irrigation. The Perúvian government is currently undertaking a number of initiatives intended to address key challenges in the irrigation sector, such as water stress, deteriorating water quality, poor efficiency of irrigation, low technology drainage systems, and weak institutional and legal frameworks.